At the FCC, one of the contraception services we provide is the intrauterine device (IUD). The IUD is a small T-shaped plastic device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. This is a safe and extremely effective contraceptive method. At the FCC, we offer two different types of IUD – the hormonal IUD and copper IUD.
A copper IUD is a small intrauterine device with copper wire wrapped around it. The IUD is inserted in the uterus and it prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucous in the cervix which prevents sperm from entering. It also thins the lining of the uterus which makes it less suitable for pregnancy.
It lasts for up to 5 or 10 years (longer than hormonal IUD) and unlike the hormonal IUD there are no hormonal side effects.
A hormonal IUD is a small plastic intrauterine device that contains the hormone progesterone. Just like a copper IUD, this one is also inserted in the uterus and prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucous in the cervix which prevents sperm from entering. Just like the copper IUD, it also thins the lining of the uterus which makes it less suitable for pregnancy.
It lasts for up to 5 years and is cost effective. It is also approved for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding.
IUD insertion will take place at the Fertility Control Clinic under sedation and through your general practitioner. Only you and your doctor can decide if this contraceptive method is right for you.
Both copper & hormonal IUDs are more than 99% effective in preventing contraception.
The copper IUD may cause periods to become heavier and sometimes more painful. Conversely, the hormonal IUD can cause spotting and irregular bleeding but this usually settles. Other side effects could include headaches, acne, breast tenderness or increased appetite.
IUDs do not prevent STIs and HIV. Only latex male condoms and female condoms protect against STIs.
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