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IUDs

Hormonal IUDs

What is a hormonal IUD?
A hormonal IUD is a small plastic intrauterine device that contains the hormone progesterone. The IUD is inserted in the uterus and it prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucous in the cervix which prevents sperm from entering. It also thins the lining of the uterus which makes it less suitable for pregnancy.

How effective is it?
More than 99% effective contraceptive method.

What are the advantages to the hormonal IUD?
It lasts for up to 5 years; it is cost effective. Approved for treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding.

Are there any disadvantages?
Can cause spotting and irregular bleeding but this usually settles; headaches, acne, breast tenderness or increased appetite.

Does it prevent STIs and HIV?
No. Only latex male condoms and female condoms protect against STIs.

How do I obtain it?
Through the Fertility Control Clinic (IUDs are inserted under sedation) or through your general practitioner. Only you and your doctor can decide if this contraceptive method is right for you

Copper IUDs

What is a copper IUD?
A copper IUD is a small intrauterine device with copper wire wrapped around it. The IUD is inserted in the uterus and it prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucous in the cervix which prevents sperm from entering. It also thins the lining of the uterus which makes it less suitable for pregnancy.

How effective is it?
More than 99% effective contraceptive method.

What are the advantages to the copper IUD?
It lasts for up to 5 or 10 years (longer than hormonal IUD ) and unlike the hormonal IUD there are no hormonal side effects.

Are there any disadvantages?
Can cause periods to become heavier and sometimes more painful.

Does it prevent STIs and HIV?
No. Only latex male condoms and female condoms protect against STIs.

How do I obtain it?
Through the Fertility Control Clinic (IUDs are inserted under sedation) and through your general practitioner. Only you and your doctor can decide if this contraceptive method is right for you.

Additional Information

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